Xavier Chermain, Cédric Zanni, Jonàs Martínez, Pierre-Alexandre Hugron, and Sylvain Lefebvre

SIGGRAPH 2023, DOI: 10.1145/3592412

Our SIGGRAPH 2023 teaser


We present a method to 3D print surfaces exhibiting a prescribed varying field of anisotropic appearance using only standard fused filament fabrication printers. This enables the fabrication of patterns triggering reflections similar to that of brushed metal with direct control over the directionality of the reflections. Our key insight, on which we ground the method, is that the direction of the deposition paths leads to a certain degree of surface roughness, which yields a visual anisotropic appearance. Therefore, generating dense cyclic infills aligned with a line field allows us to grade the anisotropic appearance of the printed surface. To achieve this, we introduce a highly parallelizable algorithm for optimizing oriented, cyclic paths. Our algorithm outperforms existing approaches regarding efficiency, robustness, and result quality. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our technique in conveying an anisotropic appearance on several challenging test cases, ranging from patterns to photographs reinterpreted as anisotropic appearances.


Updated for errata

  • 2023-05-24: Equation 7: Integration domain changed from \(\mathbb{R}\) to \(\left[0, \frac{1}{f}\right]\).